Flint - a vital resource
Beautiful axes appear from the underground east
Flint tools are the best known object type from the Stone Age,
as flint is not destroyed by being buried in the ground for
thousands of years. Often, the tools are even still sharp.
The variety of flint tools is great.
A multitude of different tools
The flake blade, which was used for many different purposes, is
a long, slender knife, which is among the most common tools and
well represented among the finds at the excavations by Rødbyhavn.
Apart from the flake blade, which was used as a knife, Neolithic
people made actual flint knives with a blade and a hilt.
Another very useful tool, which can have many different forms,
is a flint drill, which was used for making holes in skins, wood,
antlers and bones. A number of these have been found.
Scraper found in the excavation
The scraper was used for working animal skins. Scrapers are
round flint flakes that have been knapped to form a sharp edge that
can be used for scraping animal skins clean.
Many transverse arrowheads have emerged from the excavations.
These tiny, fine tips would have been mounted on arrow shafts, some
of which have also been found in the excavation. They were probably
mounted by means of tar and string
One of the beautiful axes from the hoard
The diversity of the axes
The axe is another frequently found object at excavations. Like
pottery, it can help date archaeological finds, as its appearance
changes from the Early Stone Age to the Late Stone Age. In the
early part, a small flake axe and the flint-core axe were used,
whereas axes in the Late Stone Age had undergone development, so
that they were larger and slimmer than the flake axes, and they
might also have been polished.
Normally, the axes were used for chopping timber and felling
trees, but these large axes are also found buried together in a
hoard, which may be a kind of offering. Such a hoard was found to
the northeast of Rødbyhavn where two fine axes have been found
Stone Age people mastered the skill of working
flint into weapons and tools to perfection. Flint was the most
important raw material, and it was of great significance to the
survival of the population. Without flint axes, it was impossible
to fell trees, chop timber or hollow out wood for dugouts. Without
arrowheads made of polished flint, they were unable to hunt and
Flint was easily accessible to the Danish Stone Age population who
had access to the raw material, which could either be picked up
from the ground or extracted from underground mines. However, the
starting point was the same - all worked flint began with one large