Pottery

Fragmented pottery

Sometimes, it is possible to piece together fragmented pottery.

 

Pottery is of great significance within archaeology, as it helps date archaeological finds. At the excavations in Rødbyhavn, however, the pottery found shows great variations, which help demonstrate that customs and traditions were not introduced overnight. The transition from hunter-gatherers to farmers, who introduced pottery, happened gradually over a long period of time.

 

Pottery fragments with ornamentation

Pottery is dated based on the shape of the rim and the type of ornamentation with which it is decorated.

 

Some of the pottery is crude to look at and coarse to the touch, and it has no ornamentation. Other pieces are beautifully decorated with lines, dots and finger imprints. One fragment even has an eye, which may possibly have been used for attaching a piece of string, so that the vessel could be hung over a fire.
The pottery vessels would have been used for the production and storage of food, and other bowls were made, which were used as oil lamps.

 

Clay vessels were used for storing and preparing food. In Neolithic settlements, pottery had been produced for a long time, and the potters were familiar with their craft and clay as a raw material. The many different pot shapes and their decoration had both practical and symbolic significance for Neolithic people.
The most common types of clay pots during the early development phase of farming were simple jars with a funnel-shaped neck. These so-called funnel beakers could appear in many different shapes, with both low and high necks and a more or less rounded belly.