Wood in vast amounts
The wood is uncovered and cleaned before being
photographed and registered.
Because of the good preservation conditions for organic
material, a great deal of wood has been preserved. This is a rarity
at archaeological excavations, and it presents an excellent
opportunity for finding out more about how Stone Age people used
and worked wood.
The preservation conditions are so brilliant that
you can see clear chopping traces from the working of the wood.
Many sharpened stakes and poles have been found. These have
often been driven 50 cm down into the subsoil clay, and they may
have served many different functions. For instance, the majority of
the stakes would probably have been a part of a fishing facility.
The upright stakes probably kept fishing mats in place, like the
one that has also been found at the excavation site. The mats could
be dismantled and moved, but the vertical poles remained.
In many places across the excavation site, the
archaeologists find stakes that have been driven deep into the
Stone Age people's preferred hunting weapon was the bow. A
fragment of a bow has been found in the excavation. An arrow shaft
has also been found with preserved stringing and nock. The nock is
the notch in the arrow shaft, against which the string of the bow
is held. Remnants of tar were found, which would have been used to
keep the feather fletchings in place. Remains of the cord used for
attaching the feathers were also preserved.
Much of the wood that appears bears clear traces
of the compression stress from the soil that has pressed down on it
The wood is 6000 years old, but it looks new. It has the same
colour as fresh wood, but it is soft, and if it is not kept in
water, it will dry out.