Cultural environment – Rødby Fjord and Lidsø

Canal and pumping station

The area around Lidsø is the dried-up Rødby Fjord. The pumping stations and the ruler-straight canals that characterise the landscape are clear evidence that the ground has been reclaimed and dried out.

 

Cultural environment

In physical planning, a valuable cultural environment is defined as a geographically delimited area, which in its appearance reflects significant traits of societal development. The valuable cultural environments are the responsibility of the municipalities, pursuant to, among others, the Danish Planning Act's Section 11a, subs. 14. This means that the municipalities are responsible for mapping, selecting and safeguarding cultural environment values.

 

Lidsø is located on the former elongated island in Rødby Fjord, which bears the same name as the farm. Lidsø's natural surroundings are therefore marked by the former landscape of a fjord, islets and islands.

 

The history of Lidsø is the history of man's battle against nature - the changing farm owners' desire for more arable land. In 1861, the owner of Lidsø at the time started pumping away water. After repeated attempts at draining Rødby Fjord, the work was finally completed in the late 1920s. Today, the cultural environment around Lidsø and Rødby Fjord is of historical source value in relation to the fjord's former appearance in the landscape. The cultural landscape is characterised by level variations, dikes, ruler-straight canals and pumping stations, and it is evidence of the great land reclamation projects.

 

The cultural environment is of local identity value as the great land reclamation projects were crucial to the farmers. Local residents are still reminded of the draining projects, as, for instance, the farmers partly continue to battle with the wet soil.